Despite being one of the countries with relatively lower open vacancy rates in Europe, Spain is currently grappling with a surge in job openings. Recent data from EUROSTAT indicates a staggering 143,868 open positions in September, highlighting an upward trend compared to the previous year.
The demand for skilled professionals is particularly high in sectors such as information and communication technologies, renewable energies, healthcare, hospitality, construction, fishing, and metal repairs. This surge is also reflected in the services sector, where companies estimated 140,517 job vacancies in the fourth quarter of 2022.
Specific Job Trends
Certain industries, notably hospitality, faced significant workforce shortages in March this year, requiring over 60,000 additional workers. However, by the third quarter of 2023, the tourism sector employed three million people.
Top 15 In-Demand Occupations
The national demand is led by occupations such as data analysts, computer engineers, renewable energy engineers, healthcare professionals, and various technical specialists. However, there is also a substantial number of openings in lower-skilled occupations within these industries.
|Big data and security IT technicians
|Engineers with expertise in renewable energy
|Experts in business intelligence and data mining
|Technical specialists in healthcare
Regional Variation in Job Demand
Different autonomous regions in Spain show specific job trends. For instance, Andalusia emphasizes tourism, healthcare, and technology, while Aragon focuses on agriculture, logistics, and construction.
|Industries and Sectors
|Tourism and Hospitality, Healthcare, Technology
|Agriculture, Logistics, Construction
|Construction and Skilled Trades, Service and Hospitality, Healthcare
|Tourism, Healthcare, Media and Film Industry
|Healthcare, Construction and Skilled Trades, Technology
|Castile and Leon
|Healthcare, Construction, Transportation
|Agriculture and Food Industry, Healthcare, Construction
|Hospitality and Service, Healthcare, Transportation
|Healthcare, Construction, Technology
|Health and Social Care, Hospitality, Construction, Transportation
|Education, Healthcare, Construction, Transportation
|Construction, Services, Technology
Spain Work Visa Opportunities
Foreigners belonging to in-demand occupations have higher chances of obtaining a Spanish work visa. EU citizens are exempt from this requirement, allowing them to move to Spain, secure employment, and obtain a residence permit.
- Citizens of EU countries, Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Switzerland are exempt from applying for a work visa.
- Spain offers several types of work visas, including the Long-Term work visa, Seasonal work visa, Au Pair work visa, EU Blue Card visa, and Self-Employed visa.
- For more information on obtaining a Spanish work visa, please visit the official website of the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Challenges in Low-Skilled Occupations
In contrast, Spain faces a surplus of labour in low-skilled occupations and public employment services. The mismatch between job seekers and vacancies is particularly noticeable in manufacturing labourers, freight handlers, and service sector roles.
The Economic Research Institute highlights that technology-related jobs command higher salaries, with cybersecurity engineers earning €77,577 annually. Conversely, hospitality roles, such as waiters and cooks, offer comparatively lower salaries.
Cost of Living in Spain
While Spain is not among the most expensive countries to live in, living costs should not be underestimated. The estimated monthly cost for a single person is €1439 in the city centre, while a family of four in a three-bedroom apartment may incur around €3633 monthly.
In summary, Spain’s evolving job market presents opportunities for both skilled professionals and lower-skilled workers, making it an attractive destination for those seeking employment.