Top 15 Jobs in Spain Offering Work Visas Amid Labour Shortages In 2024

As Spain faces acute labor shortages in 2024, foreign workers have a unique opportunity to secure employment and work visas. Key sectors, including healthcare, IT, and agriculture, urgently need professionals and laborers.

Spain is grappling with acute labour shortages in 2024, creating unprecedented opportunities for foreign workers. With specific sectors facing significant gaps, the Spanish labour market is actively seeking skilled professionals and unskilled labourers alike.

If you’re looking to work in Spain, this shortage offers a golden ticket—particularly in 15 high-demand professions that pave the way to securing a work visa.

Spain’s Labor Shortages

In 2024, Spain’s labour market faces critical shortages in various sectors, from agriculture to high-tech industries. This situation, detailed in a report by the European Labour Authority, reflects the broader challenges facing the Spanish economy as it grows and evolves.

With industries such as food service, manufacturing, healthcare, and IT struggling to find sufficient workers, there is an urgent call for foreign talent to fill these gaps.


The Top 15 Professions in Demand

According to the 2023 EURES report on labour shortages, the following professions are in the highest demand in Spain, making them key to obtaining a Spanish work visa:

Food ServiceFast Food PreparersPreparing and cooking food in fast-food restaurants and quick-service outlets.
AgricultureMixed Crop and Livestock Farm LaborersAssisting with farming activities, including planting, harvesting, and animal care.
ManufacturingPaper Products Machine OperatorsOperating machinery used in the production of paper goods.
UtilitiesElectrical Line Installers and RepairersInstalling and maintaining electrical power lines and related equipment.
ManufacturingAgricultural and Industrial Machinery Mechanics and RepairersRepairing and maintaining machinery used in agriculture and industry.
HealthcareHealthcare AssistantsSupporting medical staff in patient care, including personal care and basic medical assistance.
ITInformation and Communication Technology (ICT) User Support TechniciansProviding technical support for computer systems and software applications.
ITDatabase and Network Professionals (Not Elsewhere Classified)Managing and maintaining database systems and network infrastructure.
ITSystem AnalystsAnalyzing and designing information systems to meet business needs.
HealthcareHealth Professionals (Not Elsewhere Classified)Specializing in medical fields not explicitly covered by traditional medical professions.
HealthcarePhysiotherapistsProviding physical therapy to help patients recover from injuries and manage chronic conditions.
HealthcareDentistsDiagnosing and treating dental issues, performing oral surgeries, and promoting oral health.
HealthcareNursing ProfessionalsProviding comprehensive nursing care to patients in various healthcare settings.
HealthcareSpecialist Medical PractitionersProviding advanced medical care in specialized fields such as cardiology, oncology, and neurology.
ITTelecommunications EngineersDesigning and maintaining telecommunications systems and networks.

Also Read: Spain Ends Golden Visa Program to Boost Housing Affordability

The Need for Foreign Workers

A report from the Bank of Spain highlights a pressing need for foreign workers to address Spain’s ageing population and labour shortages. By 2053, Spain will require approximately 24.67 million foreign workers to maintain its workforce.

Migration, though crucial, will not completely counterbalance the demographic shift. To stabilize the dependency ratio, the working-age foreign-born population needs to triple from current projections.


Navigating the Spanish Work Visa Process

Spain In Demand Jobs

To work legally in Spain, you’ll need a Spanish work visa. The specific requirements depend on your nationality and the type of work you’ll be doing. Generally, you’ll need:

  • Job Offer: Secure a valid job offer from a Spanish employer in a sector facing shortages.
  • Work Permit: The employer must apply for a work permit on your behalf.
  • Residence Permit: Apply for a residence permit after the work permit approval.
  • Health Insurance: Provide proof of health insurance covering your stay in Spain.
  • Financial Proof: Demonstrate financial stability to support yourself in Spain.
  • Clean Criminal Record: Submit a certificate of no criminal record.

Meeting these requirements is essential for obtaining a work visa, making it possible to join Spain’s workforce and address the ongoing labour shortages.

Spain’s Unemployment Context

Despite sector-specific labour shortages, Spain’s overall unemployment rate was 11.7% as of April 2024, the highest in the EU, according to Eurostat. While this rate has seen a slight decline in recent months, it underscores the complexities of Spain’s job market.

  • Greece (10.8%)
  • Sweden (8.5%)
  • Finland (8.3%)
  • Estonia (7.8%)

follow Spain in terms of high unemployment rates. In contrast, the EU27 average unemployment rate stands at 6%, with the Euro area at 6.5%.



For foreign workers, the labour shortages in Spain present significant opportunities, particularly in the 15 professions most in demand. By navigating the Spanish work visa process effectively, skilled professionals and labourers can take advantage of the current economic landscape, contributing to Spain’s recovery and benefiting from the country’s rich cultural and professional environment.

Spain’s demand for foreign labour not only offers a solution to its workforce challenges but also opens doors for individuals seeking new opportunities and experiences in a dynamic European country.

Follow and connect with us on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Instagram and Google News for the latest travel news and updates!


Editorial Team
Editorial Team

Editorial Team: A dynamic group of experienced authors dedicated to delivering the latest in travel news and insights. Explore the world through their collective expertise.

Articles: 177