Canada has announced plans to invite over 105,000 immigrants per year through Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) over the next three years.
According to the Immigration Levels Plan 2023-2025, the number of Canadian immigrants through the PNP is expected to rise to 105,500 in 2023 and 117,500 by 2025.
What is Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)?
The Provincial Nominee Program is a set of Canadian immigration programs operated by the Government of Canada in partnership with individual provinces, each of which has its own requirements and ‘streams’.
The PNP allows Canadian provinces and territories to nominate people who want to immigrate to Canada and settle in a specific province. The only exceptions are Nunavut and Quebec in Northern Canada.
Why Canada is Focusing on PNPs?
In Canada, the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is designed to address the distinct labour shortages of each province and territory. It enables them to choose and nominate skilled immigrants with the necessary qualifications, work experience, and education to meet the needs of their region.
The programme enables provinces and territories to disseminate the benefits of immigration throughout the country, including social, economic, and cultural benefits.
Canada hopes to achieve this goal by increasing the number of PNP immigrants while also providing selected candidates with permanent residency opportunities.
PNPs Surpass the Federal Express Entry System
PNPs have surpassed the federal Express Entry system as the primary method for economic class candidates to obtain permanent residence in Canada.
Except for Quebec and Nunavut, 11 of Canada’s provinces and territories have a PNP, while Quebec has its own economic class immigration programmes through a separate agreement with the federal government.
Multi-Year Immigration Plan for PNPs
Canadian federal, provincial, and territorial immigration ministers agreed in July 2022 to develop a multi-year immigration plan for the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). The goal of this plan is for the two levels of government to be able to better plan for and attract skilled immigrants to each province/territory in Canada.
Applying for the PNP
Nominations are classified into two types: basic and enhanced. Enhanced nominations are processed faster than standard nominations. While base nominations typically take 20 months to process, enhanced nominations take 11 months.
Enhanced nominations are a fast-track option for skilled workers who have demonstrated the ability to quickly integrate into the local labour market and contribute to the regional economy.
The PNP was established in 1998, with only 400 immigrants arriving in Canada the following year. Since then, the program’s popularity has grown, reflecting Canada’s ongoing commitment to immigration and diversification.